STIs

STIs

STI/STD stands for Sexually Transmitted Infection/Disease. STIs are infections that have a significantly high probability of transmission by means of sexual contact, including vaginal intercourse, oral sex, and anal sex.

Facts You Should Know

Chlamydia: the majority of people with chlamydia have no symptoms. If symptoms do occur, it is usually 1-3 weeks after infection. These could include abnormal genital discharge and burning during urination could occur in both men and women with chlamydia, as well as pain, swelling, or itching. Once diagnosed, treatment is a single dose of antibiotics.

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Genital Herpes: you can contract genital herpes even if your partner does not have a outbreak. There is no cure for herpes but there is treatment to reduce the symptoms and outbreaks. Symptoms are rare, but when they do occur they may appear as one or more blisters around the genitals, rectum, or mouth in both men and women. The blisters break and leave sores that can take between two to four weeks to heal.

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Genital Warts: caused by some types of Human Papillomavirus (HPV). Genital warts usually appear as a small bump or group of bumps around the genitals in both women and men. They range in size from small to large, raised or flat. They can appear within weeks or months after infection. Genital warts can be passed from one partner to another even if there are no signs of an outbreak. The HPV strain that causes genital warts is not the same strain that can lead to cancer. You may be infected with multiple strains, including a genital warts strain and a cancer causing strain.

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Gonorrhea:  the majority of people with gonorrhea have no symptoms. If symptoms do occur, it is usually 1-3 weeks after infection. These could include include burning during urination, abnormal discharge from the vagina, penis, or rectum, pain, swelling, and vaginal bleeding in between periods. Gonorrhea can be treated and cured with the proper antibiotics.

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Syphilis: Syphilis is divided into stages (primary, secondary, latent, and tertiary), with different signs and symptoms associated with each stage. A person with primary syphilis generally has a sore or sores at the original site of infection. These sores usually occur on or around the genitals, around the anus or in the rectum, or in or around the mouth. These sores are usually (but not always) firm, round, and painless. Symptoms of secondary syphilis include skin rash, swollen lymph nodes, and fever. The signs and symptoms of primary and secondary syphilis can be mild, and they might not be noticed. During the latent stage, there are no signs or symptoms. Tertiary syphilis is associated with severe medical problems.  A doctor can usually diagnose tertiary syphilis with the help of multiple tests. It can affect the heart, brain, and other organs of the body.

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Additional STI Information